INS Kalvari is the first diesel-electric submarine to be inducted into the navy in 17 years. Five more Scorpenes are supposed to join it in the next few years, but the project has been plagued by delays.
The latest launch moves India’s armed forces a step closer to its goal of being able to launch the missile from land, sea, and air.
The successful missile test has restored credibility to the Nirbhay programme, which the government had previously considered scrapping.
Besides strengthening the prospects for joint operations, the three-day exercise might hold another attraction for the Indian Navy.
According to new reporting, the armed forces of the countries are taking baby steps to make the pact a reality.